17. Selective Perception Fallacy

a. is raising an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the primary issue. This fallacy often appeals to fear or pity. The argument also can use guilt to manipulate others into agreement and action. It is often inserted into an argument to help a person win the argument without directly dealing with the real issue. It is irrelevant to the real issue at hand, though it may seem to be related.

b. is to conclude that an effect has only one cause when in reality it is the result of multiple causes. It is also ignoring the complexity of the issue and omitting other vital information to draw a conclusion.

c. occurs when one makes a judgement on the bases of one or even a few samples. This argument is used when a conclusion is made without enough evidence.

d. which is also known as One-sidedness or Special Pleading is arguing a point by selecting and presenting only the evidence that supports one’s current position or opinion. It omits the evidence against it.

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