ASSIGNMENT 3 The Endless Voyage Lesson 9 –12
20 points
Date submitted:
Going to Extremes
9-1. Compare and contrast Antarctic oceanic waters to Arctic oceanic waters? Which calves more icebergs and why?
9-2. Research a polar explorer and briefly summarize his/her contribution to the field of marine science:

9-3. Compar and contrast a coral reef ecosystem to a tropical rainforest. Do you see more similarities or more differences?
9-4. Describe the role of zooxanthellae to the coral animal.
9-5 What factors are the cause of coral bleaching?
Something in the Air
10-1. What is a monsoon, do we experience monsoons in the continental United states? Why or why not?
10-2. How are prevailing winds and currents named differently?
10-3. What is pleuston versus neuston (hint : find information on Physalia and Vellella) – What is Halobates considered?
10-4. Name three factors responsible for the three wind bands in each hemisphere.
10 – 5. What ocean conditions are the most dangerous for coastal dwellers when a hurricane makes landfall?

Going with the Flow
11-1. Describe the difference between surface currents and deeper water currents.
11- 2. What is the fastest moving current in the world?

11-3. How might an ocean current effect a nations economy?
11-4. What is El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO
11- 5. What is upwelling? Is there a difference between coastal and oceanic upwelling?
Deep Connections

12- 1 What is a geostrophic flow and how does it effect the ocean?
12- 2. Describe some items that have been used to study deep ocean circulation.
12- 3. What was the most powerful Atlantic hurricane ever measured – Wilma, Rita or Katrina (Chapter 8) how do these compare with the 2009 hurricane season?
12-4. What does it mean to say the ocean currents act like a giant conveyor belt ?
12-5. How is climate change tied to ocean currents?


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